Measures

MFJ’s performance measures provide a comprehensive picture of how cases are being handled across counties from arrest to post-conviction.

Not every measure will be available in every state, and the measures themselves are but one piece of a larger project to bring more tools and transparency to the criminal justice system. While each measure shines a light on specific aspects of local criminal justice systems, they are best assessed together and with county context in mind.

We are very grateful for the input we’ve received from all corners of the justice system and look forward to continued collaboration with county leaders and members of the courts. More detailed information on our advisory boards and contributors is available here.

A note on data updates: Periodically, we review our methodology, data sources and protocols to ensure they represent the very best of what's available. Where improvements can be made, based on new data or new technology, we make them. As a result, findings on our Portal might change. We are careful to document any changes and to date all data releases to ensure our users are looking at the most recent and accurate versions of the performance measurement available.

Core Measures

Non-Custodial Promise to Appear Instead of Custodial Arrest
Measures the percentage of nonviolent misdemeanors for which the police issued a non-custodial promise to appear (often called citation, appearance ticket, notice to appear, or summons, depending on the jurisdiction) instead of making a custodial arrest.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of nonviolent misdemeanors receiving non-custodial promises to appear divided by the total number of nonviolent misdemeanors receiving a non-custodial promise to appear or a custodial arrest referred to the prosecutor's office.
EXCLUSIONS:
Felonies; violent misdemeanors; and misdemeanor DUI referrals. Referrals initiated by a sworn complaint or any other action not involving a direct interaction between a law enforcement officer and a suspect.
Violent Cases Received
Measures the percentage of cases received for which the lead charge was a violent offense.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of violent cases received by the prosecutor divided by the total number of cases received by the prosecution.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Cases Rejected for Prosecution
Measures the percentage of cases referred to the prosecutor's office by law enforcement or by a complainant which were rejected for prosecution.

We recommend interpreting this measure together with "Cases Dismissed." We also recommend exploring this measure using the offense severity, offense type, race/ethnicity, indigent status, age, and sex filters.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of cases referred to the prosecutor rejected for prosecution divided by number of cases referred to the prosecutor.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Time to Initial Appearance
Measures the median number of days between arrest and initial appearance.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Middle point in the distribution of days between arrest and initial appearance.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution, and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Nonviolent Misdemeanor Cases with Nonmonetary Release (ROR)
Measures the percentage of cases with nonmonetary release that involved only nonviolent misdemeanor charges and defendants who did not have convictions in that state within the prior three years.

We recommend interpreting this Measure together with "Failure to Pay Low Monetary Bail," "Monetary Bail Reductions," and "Pretrial Release Violations."

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of cases with nonmonetary release that involved only nonviolent misdemeanor charges and defendants who did not have convictions in that state in the prior three years divided by number of cases that involved only nonviolent misdemeanor charges and defendants who did not have convictions in that state in the prior three years.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; felonies; violent misdemeanors; and cases involving defendants with convictions in the prior three years.
Failure to Pay Low Monetary Bail
Measures the percentage of cases involving defendants who failed to pay monetary bail amounts equivalent to $500 or less.

We recommend interpreting this Measure together with "Nonviolent Misdemeanor Cases with Nonmonetary Release," "Monetary Bail Reductions," and "Pretrial Release Violations."

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of cases involving defendants who failed to pay monetary bail equivalent to $500 or less divided by total number of cases involving defendants who failed to pay monetary bail.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases involving defendants released on recognizance or because they paid monetary bail; and cases involving defendants held in jail without the possibility of monetary bail.
Monetary Bail Reductions
Measures the percentage of cases with monetary bail imposed that received a reduction (either as a reduction in the monetary conditions or a reduction to release on recognizance).

We recommend exploring this Measure using the "Indigent Status" filter. We also suggest interpreting this Measure together with "Nonviolent Misdemeanor Cases with Nonmonetary Release," "Failure to Pay Low Monetary Bail," and "Pretrial Release Violations."

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of cases where monetary bail was not posted that had a bail reduction divided by number of cases where monetary bail was not posted.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases involving defendants released on recognizance or because they paid monetary bail; and cases involving defendants held in jail without the possibility of monetary bail.
Pretrial Release Violations
Measures the percentage of cases in which defendants who were released on their own recognizance or on paid monetary bail had one or more recorded instances of violating any condition of release.

We recommend interpreting this Measure together with "Nonviolent Misdemeanor Cases with Nonmonetary Release," and "Monetary Bail Reductions."

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of cases where the defendant was released on ROR or on monetary bail and had one or more recorded instances of violating any pretrial release condition divided by total number of cases where the defendant was released on ROR or on monetary bail.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; and cases involving defendants held in jail without the possibility of monetary bail or because they failed to pay monetary bail.
Misdemeanor Cases Received by the Prosecutor Resulting in Diversion
Measures the percentage of misdemeanor cases received by the prosecutor that were diverted from traditional case processing, where the defendant did not have any convictions in that state within the prior three years.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of cases with pretrial diversion that had only misdemeanor charges and involved defendants without convictions in that state in the prior three years divided by the number of cases with only misdemeanor charges involving defendants without convictions in that state in the prior three years.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases transferred to another jurisdiction; felonies; cases involving DUI charges; cases involving domestic violence; cases involving defendants with convictions in the prior three years; and post-conviction diversions.
Time from Offense to Charging
Measures the median number of days between the occurrence of a crime and when a suspect is charged in court.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Middle point in the distribution of days from when the offense took place to when the case was filed in court for all cases.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution, and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Guilty Plea without Attorney in Misdemeanor Cases
Measures the percentage of misdemeanor cases in which defendants entered a guilty plea without retained or appointed legal counsel.

We recommend that you explore this Measure using the "Indigent Status" and "Attorney Type" filters. We also suggest viewing it together with "Guilty Plea Without Attorney in Felony Cases."

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of misdemeanor cases in which defendants entered a guilty plea without retained or appointed legal counsel divided by number of misdemeanor cases with a guilty plea.
EXCLUSIONS:
Felonies; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases with pretrial diversion; cases dismissed; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; cases where the defendant was found guilty at trial; cases where the defendant was guilty but the method of disposition (i.e. plea or trial) is unknown; and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Cases Dismissed
Measures the percentage of cases filed in court that were dismissed.

We recommend interpreting this Measure together with "Cases Not Prosecuted."

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of cases dismissed divided by number of cases filed in court by the prosecutor.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Felony Cases Resolved with a Trial Verdict
Measures the percentage of felony cases resolved at trial.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of felony cases resolved with a trial verdict divided by number of felonies resolved at trial or by guilty plea.
EXCLUSIONS:
Misdemeanors; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases with pretrial diversion; cases dismissed; cases where the defendant was guilty but the method of disposition (i.e. plea or trial) is unknown; and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Time from Offense to Sentencing
Measures the median number of days between the occurrence of a crime and when a defendant is sentenced.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Middle point in the distribution between the occurrence of a crime and sentencing for cases resulting in conviction.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution, open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases not resulting in a conviction; convicted cases not yet sentenced, and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Time to Disposition in Felony Cases
Measures the median number of days from case filing to case closure for felonies filed.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Middle point in the distribution of days from case filing to closure for all felony cases.
EXCLUSIONS:
Misdemeanors; homicides; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Time to Disposition in Misdemeanor Cases
Measures the median number of days from case filing to case closure for misdemeanors filed.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Middle point in the distribution of days from case filing to closure for all misdemeanor cases.
EXCLUSIONS:
Felonies; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Nonviolent Felonies Sentenced to Prison
Measures the percentage of nonviolent felony convictions that resulted in a prison sentence involving a defendant with no convictions in that state in the prior three years.

We recommend interpreting this Measure together with "Length of Imposed Prison Sentence: Nonviolent Felonies," and "Nonviolent Misdemeanors Sentenced to Jail."

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of nonviolent felony convictions involving a defendant with no convictions in that state in the prior three years that resulted in a prison sentence divided by number of nonviolent felony convictions involving a defendant with no convictions in that state in the prior three years.
EXCLUSIONS:
Misdemeanors; violent felonies; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases dismissed; cases with pretrial diversion; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases involving defendants with a concurrent violent conviction; cases involving defendants with convictions in the prior three years; cases for which the defendant could not receive probation; and cases where the defendant was sentenced to prison but received time served credit for the full length of the prison sentence imposed.
Length of Imposed Prison Sentence: Nonviolent Felonies
Measures the median prison sentence length (in months) imposed for nonviolent felony cases in for which the defendant did not have convictions in the prior three years.

We recommend interpreting this measure together with "Nonviolent Felonies Sentenced to Prison" and "Length of Imposed Jail Sentence: Nonviolent Misdemeanors."

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Middle point in the distribution of prison sentences (in months) imposed on nonviolent felony cases in where the defendant did not have a conviction in that state in the prior three years.
EXCLUSIONS:
Misdemeanors; violent felonies; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases dismissed; cases with pretrial diversion; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases involving defendants with convictions in the prior three years; cases involving defendants with a concurrent violent conviction; cases where the most severe sentence did not include prison; cases for which the defendant could not receive probation; and cases where the defendant was sentenced to prison but received time served credit for the full length of the prison sentence imposed.
Nonviolent Misdemeanors Sentenced to Jail
Measures the percentage of nonviolent misdemeanor convictions that resulted in a jail sentence involving a defendant with no convictions in that state in the prior three years.

We recommend interpreting this Measure together with "Length of Imposed Jail Sentence: Nonviolent Misdemeanors" and "Nonviolent Felonies Sentenced to Prison."

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of nonviolent misdemeanor convictions involving a defendant with no convictions in that state in the prior three years that resulted in a jail sentence divided by number of nonviolent misdemeanor convictions involving a defendant with no convictions in that state in the prior three years.
EXCLUSIONS:
Felonies; violent misdemeanors; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases dismissed; cases with pretrial diversion; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases involving defendants with convictions in the prior three years; cases involving defendants with a concurrent violent conviction; cases where the defendant was sentenced to jail but received time served credit for the full length of the jail sentence imposed; and probation holds where the data allow for their identification.
Length of Imposed Jail Sentence: Nonviolent Misdemeanors
Measures the median jail sentence length (in days) imposed on nonviolent misdemeanor cases for which the defendant did not have convictions in the prior three years.

We recommend interpreting this Measure together with "Nonviolent Misdemeanors Sentenced to Jail" and "Length of Imposed Jail Sentence: Nonviolent Felonies."

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Middle point in the distribution of jail sentence lengths (in days) imposed on nonviolent misdemeanor cases where the defendant did not have convictions in that state in the prior three years.
EXCLUSIONS:
Felonies; violent misdemeanors; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases dismissed; cases with pretrial diversion; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases involving defendants with convictions in the prior three years; cases involving defendants with a concurrent violent conviction; cases where the most severe sentence did not include jail; and cases where the defendant was sentenced to jail but received time served credit for the full length of the jail sentence imposed.
Drug Possession Convictions Sentenced to Prison
Measures the percentage of drug possession cases that received a prison sentence involving defendants who had no convictions in that state in the prior three years.

We recommend interpreting this Measure together with "Drug Possession Convictions Sentenced to Jail." We also recommend exploring this Measure using the "Drug Type" and "Race/Ethnicity" filters.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of drug possession convictions involving defendants with no convictions in that state in the prior three years that received a prison sentence divided by number of drug possession convictions involving defendants with no convictions in that state in the prior three years.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases for which the top conviction charge was not drug possession; cases for which the top conviction charge was possession with intent to sell or distribute; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases dismissed; cases with pretrial diversion; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases involving defendants with convictions in the prior three years; cases involving defendants with a concurrent violent conviction; cases for which the defendant could not receive probation; and cases where the defendant was sentenced to prison but received time served credit for the full length of the prison sentence imposed.
Drug Possession Convictions Sentenced to Jail
Measures the percentage of drug possession cases that received a jail sentence involving defendants with no convictions in that state in the prior three years.

We recommend interpreting this Measure together with ""Drug Possession Convictions Sentenced to Prison."" We also recommend exploring this Measure using the ""Drug Type"" and ""Race/Ethnicity"" filters.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation."

CALCULATION:
Number of drug possession convictions involving defendants with no convictions in that state in the prior three years that received a jail sentence divided by number of drug possession convictions involving defendants with no convictions in that state in the prior three years.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases for which the top conviction charge was not drug possession; cases for which the top conviction charge was possession with intent to sell or distribute; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases dismissed; cases with pretrial diversion; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases involving defendants with convictions in the prior three years; cases involving defendants with a concurrent violent conviction; and cases where the defendant was sentenced to jail but received time served credit for the full length of the jail sentence imposed.
Jail Capacity Utilization
Measures the average daily jail population per jail capacity of the county's facility with the most annual admissions that reported to the BJS Census of Jails in 2013.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Average daily number of jail inmates in 2013 divided by number of jail beds.
EXCLUSIONS:
Jail beds located in separate temporary holding areas.
Court Fees and Fines
Measures the median amount of court fees and fines assessed to convicted defendants.

We recommend interpreting this Measure together with "Failure to Pay Court Fees and Fines." We also suggest exploring it using the the "Indigent Status" filter.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Middle point in the distribution of the amount of court fees and fines assessed to convicted defendants.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases dismissed; cases with pretrial diversion; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases where the defendant was not ordered to pay court fees or fines; and cases where the defendant was ordered to pay court fees or fines but those fees or fines were waived or adjusted to 0.
Failure to Pay Court Fees and Fines
Measures the percentage of convictions where the defendant was mandated to pay court fees and fines and failed to do so.

We recommend interpreting this Measure together with "Court Fees and Fines." We also suggest exploring it using the "Indigent Disparity" filter.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of convictions where the defendant was mandated to pay court fees and fines and failed to do so divided by number of convictions with court fees and fines.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases dismissed; cases with pretrial diversion; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases where the defendant was not ordered to pay court fees or fines nd cases where the defendant was ordered to pay court fees or fines but those fees or fines were waived or adjusted to 0.
Driver's License Suspension
Measures the percentage of cases with a driver's license revocation or suspension sentence that did not involve DUI, drugs, or criminal traffic charges.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of cases for which driver's license was revoked or suspended for offenses other than DUI, drugs, and criminal traffic divided by the total number of cases where driver's license was revoked or suspended.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases dismissed; cases with pretrial diversion; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; and cases where the sentence did not include the revocation or suspension of the defendant's driver license.
Re-arrest Rate
Measures the percentage of cases in which individuals were re-arrested within three years of the projected end of their sentence.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of cases in which defendants were sentenced to custodial or probation supervision that were re-arrested within 3 years of their projected release divided by the total number of cases in which defendants were sentenced to custodial or probation terms.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution, cases resulting in dismissal, cases resulting in an acquittal, cases transferred to another jurisdiction, open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction, cases resulting in non-incarcerative or supervision sentences.
Probation Technical Revocations
Measures the percentage of cases in which probationers had their probation revoked for technical reasons not related to a new offense.

We recommend looking at this Measure in conjunction with "Reconviction Rate: Probation." There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of defendants sentenced to one to two years' probation who had probation revoked due to technical violations divided by number of defendants sentenced to one to two years' probation.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases dismissed; cases with pretrial diversion; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases where the most severe sentence was not probation; and cases with a sentence of less than one year or more than two years' probation.
Reconviction Rate: Probation
Measures the percentage of cases in which individuals who were sentenced to probation had a new conviction in the same state within three years.

We suggest looking at this rate in conjunction with "Probation Technical Revocations."

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of defendants sentenced to probation who were convicted of a new offense in the same state within three years divided by number of defendants sentenced to probation.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases dismissed; cases with pretrial diversion; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases where the most severe sentence was a split sentence; and cases where the most severe sentence was not probation.
Reconviction Rate: Prison
Measures the percentage of cases in which individuals who were released from prison had a new conviction within three years of release.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of individuals released from prison who were convicted of a new offense within three years divided by total number of individuals released from prison.
EXCLUSIONS:
None.
Return to Prison Rate
Measures the percentage of cases where the defendant was returned to prison within 3 years of release from prison.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of individuals released from prison who were reincarcerated within 3 years divided by the number of individuals released from prison.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution, open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction, cases not resulting in conviction, convicted cases sentenced to death, convicted cases sentence life in prison, cases resulting in jail or probation sentences, convicted cases sentenced to fines, convicted cases sentenced to restitution, convicted cases with other or unknown sentences.

Companion Measures

Misdemeanor Diversion Completion
Measures the percentage of misdemeanor cases that were diverted from traditional case processing in which the defendant successfully completed the diversion program.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of misdemeanor cases diverted by the prosecutor in which the defendant successfully completed the diversion program divided by the number of misdemeanor cases diverted by the prosecutor.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases transferred to another jurisdiction, cases filed for prosecution
Misdemeanor Cases
Measures the percentage of misdemeanor cases filed in court.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of misdemeanor cases filed in court divided by the total number of cases filed in court.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Violent Victimization of Persons of Color in Cases Received by the Prosecutor
Measures the percentage of violent cases received by the prosecutor's office involving victims of color.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of violent cases received by the prosecutor involving victims of color divided by the total number of violent cases received by the prosecutor.
EXCLUSIONS:
Nonviolent cases; cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Violent Victimization of White Persons in Cases Received by the Prosecutor
Measures the percentage of violent cases referred to the prosecutor's office involving white victims.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of violent cases received by the prosecutor involving white victims divided by the total number of violent cases received by the prosecutor.
EXCLUSIONS:
Nonviolent cases; cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Felony Cases Received by the Prosecutor Resulting in Diversion
Measures the percentage of felony cases that were received by the prosecutor and diverted from traditional case processing, where the defendant did not have any convictions in the county within the prior three years.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of cases with pretrial diversion that had only felony charges and involved defendants without convictions in the county in the prior three years divided by the number of cases with only felony charges involving defendants without convictions in the county in the prior three years.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases transferred to another jurisdiction; misdemeanors; cases involving DUI; cases involving domestic violence; cases involving defendants with convictions in the prior three years; and post-conviction diversions.
Cases with Monetary Bail Equivalent to $500 or Less
Measures the percentage of cases in with monetary bail equivalent to $500 or less.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of prosecuted cases with a monetary bail equivalent to $500 or less divided by the total number of prosecuted cases with monetary bail imposed.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases where the defendant was released on recognizance; and cases where the defendant was held in jail without the possibility of monetary bail.
Monetary Bail Amount
Measures the median monetary bail amount in cases filed.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Middle point of the distribution of monetary bail defendants had to pay in cases filed.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases where the defendant was released on recognizance; and cases where the defendant was held in jail without the possibility of monetary bail.
Nonviolent Felony Cases with Nonmonetary Release (ROR)
Measures the percentage of cases with nonmonetary release that involved only nonviolent felony charges and defendants who did not have convictions in that state within the prior three years.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of cases with nonmonetary release that involved only nonviolent felony charges and defendants who did not have convictions in that state in the prior three years divided by number of cases that involved only nonviolent felony charges and defendants who did not have convictions in that state in the prior three years.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; violent felonies and misdemeanors; and cases involving defendants with convictions in the prior three years.
Nonviolent Misdemeanor Cases with Monetary Bail
Measures the percentage of cases with monetary bail that involved only nonviolent misdemeanor charges and defendants who did not have convictions in that state within the prior three years.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of cases with monetary bail that involved only nonviolent misdemeanor charges and defendants who did not have convictions in that state in the prior three years divided by number of cases that involved only nonviolent misdemeanor charges and defendants who did not have convictions in that state in the prior three years.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; felonies; violent misdemeanors; and cases involving defendants with convictions in the prior three years.
Nonviolent Felony Cases with Monetary Bail
Measures the percentage of cases with monetary bail that involved only nonviolent felony charges and defendants who did not have convictions in that state within the prior three years.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of cases with monetary bail that involved only nonviolent felony charges and defendants who did not have convictions in that state in the prior three years divided by number of cases that involved only nonviolent felony charges and defendants who did not have convictions in that state in the prior three years.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; violent felonies and misdemeanors; and cases involving defendants with convictions in the prior three years.
Felony Cases Resolved within 180 Days
Measures the percentage of felony cases that were resolved within 180 days of filing in court.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of felony cases resolved within 180 days of case filing divided by total number of felony cases resolved.
EXCLUSIONS:
Misdemeanors; homicides; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Misdemeanor Cases Resolved within 90 Days
Measures the percentage of misdemeanor cases that were resolved within 90 days of filing in court.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of misdemeanor cases resolved within 90 days of case filing divided by total number of misdemeanor cases resolved.
EXCLUSIONS:
Felonies; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Felony Cases Resolved within 365 Days
Measures the percentage of felony cases that were resolved within 365 days of filing in court.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of felony cases resolved within 365 days of case filing divided by total number of felony cases resolved.
EXCLUSIONS:
Misdemeanors; homicides; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Time from Arraignment for Felonies
Measures the median number of days from arraignment to disposition or sentencing in felony cases

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Middle point in the distribution of the number of days from arraignment to disposition or sentencing for felony cases.
EXCLUSIONS:
Misdemeanors; homicides; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Time from Arraignment for Misdemeanors
Measures the median number of days from arraignment to disposition or sentencing for misdemeanor cases.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Middle point in the distribution of the number of days from arraignment to disposition or sentencing for misdemeanor cases.
EXCLUSIONS:
Felonies; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Felony Cases with Failures to Appear in Court
Measures the percentage of resolved felony cases where the defendant failed to appear to at least one court hearing, leading to a delay in the processing of the case.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of resolved felony cases where the defendant failed to appear to at least one court hearing divided by the total number of felony cases resolved.
EXCLUSIONS:
Misdemeanors; felony cases without FTAs; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; and cases transferred to other jurisdictions.
Misdemeanor Cases with Failures to Appear in Court
Measures the percentage of resolved misdemeanors cases where the defendant failed to appear to at least one court hearing, leading to a delay in the processing of the case.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of resolved misdemeanor cases where the defendant failed to appear to at least one court hearing divided by the total number of misdemeanor cases resolved.
EXCLUSIONS:
Felonies; misdemeanors cases without FTAs; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; and cases transferred to other jurisdictions.
Felony Cases with Continuances
Measures the percentage of felony cases with at least one continuance issued.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of felony cases including at least one continuance divided by the total number of felony cases.
EXCLUSIONS:
Misdemeanors, cases declined for prosecution, open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction, and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Misdemeanor Cases with Continuances
Measures the percentage of misdemeanor cases with at least one continuance issued.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of misdemeanor cases including at least one continuance divided by the total number of misdemeanor cases.
EXCLUSIONS:
Felonies, cases declined for prosecution, open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction, and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Misdemeanor Cases Resolved within 180 days
Measures the percentage of misdemeanor cases that were resolved within 180 days of filing in court.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of misdemeanor cases resolved within 180 days of case filing divided by total number of misdemeanor cases resolved.
EXCLUSIONS:
Felonies; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Time from Filing to Disposition in Homicide Cases
Measures the median number of days from case filing to disposition or sentencing in homicide cases.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Middle point in the distribution of days from filing to disposition or sentencing in homicide cases.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases without a top charge of homicide; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases not resulting in conviction; and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Time from Arraignment to Disposition in Homicide Cases
Measures the median number of days from arraignment to disposition or sentencing in homicide cases.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Middle point in the distribution of days from arraignment to disposition or sentencing in homicide cases.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases without a top charge of homicide; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown dispoition at the time of data extraction; cases not resulting in conviction; and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Cases Dismissed by Prosecutor
Measures the percentage of cases that were dismissed after the prosecutor withdrew the charges from court.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of cases that were dismissed after the prosecutor withdrew the charges divided by the total number of cases dismissed.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; cases transferred to another jurisdictio; cases resulting in a diversion/deferral; cases resulting in conviction; cases resulting in an acquittal; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction.
Cases Dismissed by the Court
Measures the percentage of case dismissals that were initiated by the court.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of cases dismissed by the court after case filing divided by the number of total number of cases dismissed.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases resulting in conviction; cases resulting in an acquittal; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction.
Convictions with Unknown Disposition Method
Measures the percentage of convictions (guilty judgments) for which the disposition method (plea vs. trial) is not known.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of convictions with unknown disposition method divided by total number of convictions.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases dismissed; cases with pretrial diversion; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Cases Resulting in Conviction
Measures the percentage of cases filed in court that resulted in conviction.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of cases that resulted in conviction divided by number of cases filed in court.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Cases Involving a Guilty Plea as Charged
Measures the percentage of cases where the defendant pleaded guilty to all the charges filed in court.

This Measure reflects the percentage of cases where the defendant was convicted by way of guilty plea, resulting in no reduction in charge severity, nor in the number of charges.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of cases where the defendant pleaded guilty to all the charges filed in court divided by number of cases disposed of by a guilty plea.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases with pretrial diversion; cases dismissed; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; cases where the defendant was found guilty at trial; cases where the defendant was guilty but the method of disposition (i.e. plea or trial) is unknown; and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Convicted Defendants with Court Fees and Fines
Measures the percentage of cases for which convicted defendants were ordered to pay court fees and fines.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of cases for which convicted defendants were ordered to pay court fees and fines divided by the total number of cases with a conviction.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases dismissed; cases with pretrial diversion; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; and cases transferred to another jurisdiction.
Court Fees
Measures the median amount of court fees assessed to convicted defendants who were mandated to pay.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Middle point in the distribution of court fees assessed to convicted defendants.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases dismissed; cases with pretrial diversion; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases where the defendant was not ordered to pay court fees; and cases where the defendant was ordered to pay court fees but those fees were waived or adjusted to 0.
Fines
Measures the median amount of fines assessed to convicted defendants who were mandated to pay.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Middle point in the distribution of fines assessed to convicted defendants.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases dismissed; cases with pretrial diversion; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases where the defendant was not ordered to pay fines; and cases where the defendant was ordered to pay fines but those fines were waived or adjusted to 0.
Pretrial Jail Population
Measures the percentage of jail inmates who were awaiting disposition of their cases and housed in the county's facility with the most annual admissions that reported to the BJS Census of Jails in 2013.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of 2013 pretrial jail inmates divided by the total jail population at year end.
EXCLUSIONS:
None.
Pre-sentence Jail Population
Measures the percentage of jail inmates who were convicted, awaiting sentencing, and housed in the county's facility with the most annual admissions that reported to the BJS Census of Jails in 2013.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of 2013 pre-sentence jail inmates divided by the total jail population at year end.
EXCLUSIONS:
None.
Post-sentence Jail Population
Measures the percentage of jail inmates sentenced and housed in the county's facility with the most annual admissions that reported to the BJS Census of Jails in 2013.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of 2013 post-sentence inmates divided by the total jail population at year end.
EXCLUSIONS:
None.
Jail Name
Name of the facility reporting the most annual admissions in the county.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Name of the jail that had the most annual admissions in the county and that reported to the BJS Census of Jails in 2013.
EXCLUSIONS:
None.
Daily Cost of a Jail Bed
Measures the average daily cost of housing an inmate in jail.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Annual jail budget divided by the annual average daily jail population.
EXCLUSIONS:
None.
Drug Courts
Measures the number of drug and hybrid DWI/drug courts available in the state in 2012.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of drug and hybrid DWI/drug courts in the state.
EXCLUSIONS:
None.
Nonviolent Felonies Sentenced to Local Prison
Measures the percentage of nonviolent felony convictions that resulted in a local prison sentence involving a defendant with no convictions in that state in the prior three years.

We recommend interpreting this Measure together with "Nonviolent Felonies Sentenced to Prison," "Nonviolent Felonies Sentenced to State Prison," and "Nonviolent Misdemeanors Sentenced to Jail."

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of nonviolent felony convictions involving a defendant with no convictions in that state in the prior three years that resulted in a local prison sentence divided by number of nonviolent felony convictions involving a defendant with no convictions in that state in the prior three years.
EXCLUSIONS:
Misdemeanors; violent felonies; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases dismissed; cases with pretrial diversion; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases involving defendants with convictions in the prior three years; cases for which the defendant could not receive probation; and cases where the defendant was sentenced to local prison but received time served credit for the full length of the prison sentence imposed.
Nonviolent Felonies Sentenced to State Prison
Measures the percentage of nonviolent felony convictions that resulted in a state prison sentence involving a defendant with no convictions in that state in the prior three years.

We recommend interpreting this Measure together with "Nonviolent Felonies Sentenced to Prison," "Nonviolent Felonies Sentenced to Local Prison," and "Nonviolent Misdemeanors Sentenced to Jail."

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of nonviolent felony convictions involving a defendant with no convictions in that state in the prior three years that resulted in a state prison sentence divided by number of nonviolent felony convictions involving a defendant with no convictions in that state in the prior three years.
EXCLUSIONS:
Misdemeanors; violent felonies; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases dismissed; cases with pretrial diversion; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases involving defendants with convictions in the prior three years; cases for which the defendant could not receive probation; and cases where the defendant was sentenced to state prison but received time served credit for the full length of the prison sentence imposed.
Length of Imposed Prison Sentence: Drug Possession
Measures the median prison sentence length (in months) imposed on drug possession cases for which the defendant did not have convictions in the county in the prior three years.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Middle point in the distribution of prison sentences (in months) imposed in drug possession cases where the defendant did not have a conviction in the county in the prior three years.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases for which the top conviction charge was not drug possession; cases for which the top conviction charge was possession with intent to sell or distribute; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases dismissed; cases with pretrial diversion; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases involving defendants with convictions in the county in the prior three years; cases for which the defendant could not receive probation; and cases where the defendant was sentenced to prison but received time served credit for the full length of the prison sentence imposed.
Length of Imposed Jail Sentence: Drug Possession
Measures the median jail sentence length (in days) imposed on drug possession cases for which the defendant did not have convictions in the county in the prior three years.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Middle point in the distribution of jail sentences (in days) imposed in drug possession cases where the defendant did not have a conviction in that state in the prior three years.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases for which the top conviction charge was not drug possession; cases for which the top conviction charge was possession with intent to sell or distribute; cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases dismissed; cases with pretrial diversion; cases where the defendant was acquitted at trial; cases transferred to another jurisdiction; cases involving defendants with convictions in the prior three years; and cases where the defendant was sentenced to jail but received time served credit for the full length of the jail sentence imposed.
Reconviction Rate
Measures the percentage of cases where the defendant was reconvicted within 3 years of their estimated release from jail, prison or probation.

There are many factors that could affect a county's results on this Measure. The data presented here are intended to show general patterns and to highlight areas that might need further investigation.

CALCULATION:
Number of cases in which the defendant was reconvicted within 3 years of their estimated release from jail, prison, or probation divided by the number of cases resulting in jail, prison, or probation sentences 3 years prior.
EXCLUSIONS:
Cases declined for prosecution; open cases or cases with unknown disposition at the time of data extraction; cases not resulting in conviction; cases sentenced to death, life in prison, lifetime supervision, fine, restitution, or other sentences; cases with a time served sentence; cases resulting in a prison, jail, or probation sentence where the defendant was not reconvicted within 3 years of release.

Contextual Measures

Population
Measures the total population of the jurisdiction.
CALCULATION:
Number of people residing in the jurisdiction.
Urban Population
Measures the percentage of residents living in urban areas.
CALCULATION:
Number of residents living in urban areas divided by the total population of the jurisdiction.
Rural Population
Measures the percentage of residents living in rural areas.
CALCULATION:
Number of residents living in rural areas divided by the total population of the jurisdiction.
White Population
Measures the percentage of residents who identify their race/ethnicity as non-Hispanic, white.
CALCULATION:
Number of residents who identify as non-Hispanic, white divided by the total population of the jurisdiction.
African American Population
Measures the percentage of residents who identify their race/ethnicity as non-Hispanic, African-American.
CALCULATION:
Number of residents who identify as non-Hispanic, African American divided by the total population of the jurisdiction.
Native American/Alaskan Population
Measures the percentage of residents who identify their race/ethnicity as American Indian or Alaskan Native.
CALCULATION:
Number of residents who identify as Native American divided by the total population of the jurisdiction.
Asian or Pacific Islander Population
Measures the percentage of residents who identify their race/ethnicity as non-Hispanic, Asian or Pacific Islander.
CALCULATION:
Number of residents who identify as non-Hispanic, Asian divided by the total population of the jurisdiction.
Other Race Population
Measures the percentage of residents who identify their race/ethnicity as other (includes those identifying as multiracial).
CALCULATION:
Number of residents who identify as other race/ethnicity divided by the total population of the jurisdiction.
Hispanic or Latino Population
Measures the percentage of residents who identify their ethnicity as Hispanic or Latino.
CALCULATION:
Number of residents who identify as Hispanic or Latino divided by the total population of the jurisdiction.
Young Males Population
Measures the percentage of residents who are males aged 15 to 24.
CALCULATION:
Number of residents who are males aged 15 to 24 divided by the total population for the jurisdiction.
Largest Municipality
The name of the largest municipality in the jurisdiction.
CALCULATION:
Municipality name.
Largest Municipality Population
The population of the largest municipality in the jurisdiction.
CALCULATION:
Total number of residents in the largest municipality.
Property Crime Rate
Measures the number of property index crimes reported to law enforcement per 100,000 residents.
CALCULATION:
Number of property index crimes reported to law enforcement divided by the total population of the jurisdiction, multiplied by 100,000.
Clearance Rate for Property Offenses
Measures the percentage of property index crime cases cleared (or closed) by law enforcement.
CALCULATION:
Number of property index crimes cleared by law enforcement divided by the total number of property offenses reported to law enforcement.
Violent Crime Rate
Measures the number of violent index crimes reported to law enforcement per 100,000 residents.
CALCULATION:
Number of violent index crimes reported to law enforcement divided by the total population of the jurisdiction, multiplied by 100,000.
Clearance Rate for Violent Offenses
Measures the percentage of violent index crime cases cleared (or closed) by law enforcement.
CALCULATION:
Number of violent index crimes cleared by law enforcement divided by the total number of violent offenses reported to law enforcement.
Arrest Rate for Violent Offenses
Measures the number of arrests for violent offenses, per 100,000 residents.
CALCULATION:
Number of arrests for violent offenses divided by the total population for the jurisdiction, multiplied by 100,000.
Arrest Rate for Property Offenses
Measures the number of arrests for property offenses, per 100,000 residents.
CALCULATION:
Number of arrests for property offenses divided by the total population for the jurisdiction, multiplied by 100,000.
Number of Criminal Court Judges
Measures the total number of judges, magistrates or their equivalent involved in the processing of criminal cases in the jurisdiction.
CALCULATION:
Total number of criminal court judges.
Police Officers per 100,000 Residents
Measures the number of full-time sworn police officers per 100,000 residents
CALCULATION:
Number of full-time sworn police officers divided by the total population of the jurisdiction, multiplied by 100,000.
Law Enforcement Agencies Reporting to UCR
Measures the percentage of law enforcement agencies within the jurisdiction reporting index crimes to the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting Program.
CALCULATION:
Number of law enforcement agencies reporting to the UCR divided by the total number of law enforcement agencies in the jurisdiction, averaged across four years: [CohortStYr] - [CohortStYr+3].
Total Number of Law Enforcement Agencies
Measures the total number of law enforcement agencies operating within the jurisdiction.
CALCULATION:
Number of law enforcement agencies operating within the jurisdiction.
Number of Full-Time Prosecutors
Measures the number of full-time prosecuting attorneys handling criminal cases in the jurisdiction.
CALCULATION:
Total number of full-time prosecutors for adult criminal cases.
Number of Part-Time Prosecutors
Measures the number of part-time prosecuting attorneys handling criminal cases in the jurisdiction.
CALCULATION:
Total number of part-time prosecutors for adult criminal cases.
Number of Full-Time Public Defenders
Measures the number of full-time public defenders for adult criminal cases in the jurisdiction.
CALCULATION:
Total number of full-time public defenders for adult criminal cases.
Number of Part-Time Public Defenders
Measures the number of part-time public defenders for adult criminal cases in the jurisdiction.
CALCULATION:
Total number of part-time public defenders for adult criminal cases.
Number of Full-Time Sworn Law Enforcement Officers
Measures the number of full-time sworn law enforcement officers in the jurisdiction.
CALCULATION:
Number of full-time, sworn law enforcement officers.
Single Female-Headed Households with Children
Measures the percentage of households headed by a woman with dependent children under 18.
CALCULATION:
Number of households headed by a woman with dependent children under 18 divided by the total number of households in the jurisdiction.
Unemployment Rate
Measures the percentage of residents 16 years old and older who are unemployed.
CALCULATION:
Number of residents 16 years old and older who are unemployed divided by the number of residents 16 years old and older.
High School Graduates
Measures the percentage of residents 18 years old and older who have completed high school.
CALCULATION:
Number of residents 18 and older who have completed high school divided by the number of residents 18 and older.
Below Poverty Line
Measures the percentage of residents living below the poverty line.
CALCULATION:
Number of residents living below the poverty line divided by the total population of the jurisdiction.
Median Household Income
Measures the median income of households within the jurisdiction.
CALCULATION:
Middle point in the distribution of income for all households within the jurisdiction.
Total Cases
The total number of cases.
CALCULATION:
The total number of cases.
Non-Citizens
Measures the percentage of residents who are not U.S. citizens.
CALCULATION:
Number of residents who are not U.S. Citizens divided by the total population of the jurisdiction.
Average Commute Minutes
Measures the average number of minutes residents report commuting to work.
CALCULATION:
Total number of minutes residents report commuting to work divided by the number of residents in the labor force.
Voted Democrat in the presidential election.
Measures the percentage of votes for the Democratic candidate in the presidential election.
CALCULATION:
Number of votes for the Democratic candidate divided by the total number of votes in the presidential election.
Voted Republican in the presidential election.
Measures the percentage of votes for the Republican candidate in the presidential election.
CALCULATION:
Number of votes for the Republican candidate divided by the total number of votes in the presidential election.
Residential Mobility
Measures the percentage of residents who changed their place of residence (within the same jurisdiction or from a different one) in the previous year.
CALCULATION:
Number of residents who moved to a different place of residence within the previous year divided by the total population for the jurisdiction.
Total Problem Solving Courts
Measures the number of problem-solving courts available to a county.
Drug Courts
Measures the number of specialty drug courts available to a county.
Mental Health Courts
Measures the number of specialty mental health courts available to a county.
Domestic Violence Courts
Measures the number of specialty domestic violence courts available to a county.
Hybrid DWI and Drug Courts
Measures the number of specialty hybrid DWI and drug courts available to a county.
Other Problem Solving Courts
Measures the number of other specialty courts available to a county (including veterans, tribal, and family courts).