Where do criminal justice data live in your state?
Criminal History Data
The Florida Department of Law Enforcement (FDLE)’s Division of Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) is the state’s criminal history information repository. The FDLE collects data from county sheriffs and municipal police agencies and publishes certain statistics (e.g., Uniform Crime Reports, offense and arrest data by county and jurisdiction) via the Florida Statistical Analysis Center.
The Florida Office of the State Courts Administrator (OSCA) compiles charge-level data from the state’s Criminal Transaction System (CTS). This data includes both felonies and misdemeanors, and excludes violations of county and municipal ordinances, noncriminal traffic offenses, and cases involving juveniles (except for those ultimately waived or transferred to adult criminal court). The CTS is based on information provided by the clerks of court via the Offender Based Transaction System (OBTS). As of March 2020, four counties (Duval, Flagler, Osceola, and Seminole) do not report centrally via the OBTS and so their data cannot be provided by OSCA.
The Florida Department of Corrections (FDC)’s Bureau of Research and Data Analysis collects certain data and makes them available to the public via multiple channels, including annual reports, a downloadable database, and a public look-up system. This data consists of public record information related to felony offenses sentenced to the FDC and excludes data on those individuals sentenced to county jail, county probation, or other forms of supervision outside of FDC custody.
Other Known Data Sources
In addition to these consolidated databases, each Florida county and local jurisdiction collects and maintains its own information to some extent. Sixty-six of the state’s 67 counties have sheriffs' departments. The exception is in Dade County, where the Director of the Miami-Dade Police Department serves as an appointed, countywide chief law enforcement officer. In addition to the Miami-Dade Police Department, as of 2008 there were 269 local police departments that employ at least one full-time officer, each collecting its own arrest data to some extent. Florida has 20 state attorneys, each representing a judicial circuit. As noted above, these data are reported up to the FDLE’s Statistical Analysis Center and used to populate the state’s criminal history information repository.