Where do criminal justice data live in your state?
Criminal History Data
North Carolina’s central repository for criminal history data is the State Bureau of Investigation (SBI). Fingerprint cards from prisons and law enforcement agencies across the state are sent to the SBI where information is extracted and entered into the Computerized Criminal History File (CCH). The SBI supplements this information with the final disposition data provided by the courts. In addition to administering crime reporting standards and facilitating the state’s relationship with the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting Program, the SBI oversees a Traffic Stop Reporting Program, which collects and analyzes local traffic stop data throughout the state.
Data from all North Carolina superior and district courts are housed centrally in the Automated Criminal/Infractions System (ACIS) maintained by the North Carolina Administrative Office of the Courts (NCAOC). While the ACIS contains only criminal and infraction case information, the system interfaces with several other internal court systems, including the Civil Case Processing System (VCAP), as well as select external systems, such as the State Bureau of Investigation (SBI) and Department of Correction (DOC) databases. As of 1996, all North Carolina counties reported their criminal case information to the ACIS.
In 2012 the North Dakota Department of Corrections merged with the Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention and other agencies to form the Department of Public Safety (DPS). The DPS’s Office of Research and Planning maintains control over information on individuals under the supervision of the DPS’s Division of Prisons and the Division of Community Corrections, and other programs. The Office of Research and Planning makes several reports available to the public, along with an online query tool for information on people sentenced to prison, probation, and parole.
Other Known Data Sources
MFJ is unaware of centralization beyond the aforementioned sources. North Carolina’s 100 counties are divided amongst 43 prosecutorial districts, each represented by its own district attorney and collecting its own case information. Each of the state’s 100 elected sheriffs also maintains their own booking and jail data, with no known centralization. As of 2008, there are 350 local police departments throughout North Carolina that employ at least one full-time officer, each collecting its own arrest information to some extent.