Where do criminal justice data live in your state?
Criminal History Data
The South Dakota Office of the Attorney General’s Division of Criminal Investigation (DCI) houses the state’s Computerized Criminal History (CCH) system, which includes information on individuals arrested for misdemeanors and felonies. In addition to arrest information, sentencing information is fed from the Unified Judicial System (UJS) into the CCH system electronically, and is later supplemented with data entered by the Department of Corrections (DOC). The DCI’s Criminal Statistical Analysis Center (SAC) oversees the CCH, maintaining and distributing information as necessary.
Case information from all South Dakota circuit and magistrate courts is reported to the Unified Judicial System (UJS) and housed in a statewide case-management system and database.
The South Dakota Department of Corrections (DOC) maintains information on individuals sentenced for felonies to the DOC. The DOC does not maintain information on individuals sentenced to county jail or probation. The DOC makes certain statistics available to the public, including data on adult corrections, juvenile corrections, and recidivism rates. Examples of publicly available information include corrections and parole population counts broken down by sex, race, and crime type.
Other Known Data Sources
In addition to these consolidated criminal justice data systems, each local city- or county-level criminal justice agency maintains data to some extent. Each of South Dakota’s counties is represented by a State’s Attorney and sheriff, each collecting their own case information. While there is no known centralization of this data, the Criminal Statistical Analysis Center (SAC), housed within the Office of the Attorney General’s Division of Criminal Investigation (DCI), oversees the state's “Sheriff Management Study.” As part of this study, sheriffs across the state provide the SAC with management data, including information related to personnel, budget, training, and more, via biannual surveys. Annual reports are then generated and made publicly available. At the municipal level, as of 2008, there are 80 local police departments throughout South Dakota, each employing at least one full-time officer and collecting its own arrest data to some extent.